In Wareham, about 1,500 people were left homeless. The storm damaged more than 10,000 homes, completely destroying 1,545.  Despite the high damage, advance warning allowed for many fewer deaths than the total of 488 fatalities during the 1938 New England hurricane, which affected the same area with similar strength. While moving west of Maine, the hurricane dropped heavy rainfall, including a report of 2.15 inches (63 mm) in 12 hours. The hurricane continued to strengthen, and Carol reached an initial peak intensity of 105 mph (165 km/h) on August 28. Her family cottage on Cornfield … High waves also damaged coastal roadways. In addition to strong winds, Hurricane Carol also produced an incredibly high storm surge, the highest of which was experienced in Narragansett Bay, RI and northeastern Buzzards Bay, MA. Narragansett Bay, Buzzards Bay and New Bedford Harbor suffered storm surges of more than 14 feet.  On August 30, the hurricane again strengthened to reach Category 2 status while located 180 miles (290 km) east of Savannah, Georgia. Hurricanes Connie and Diane (1955) Downed power lines left several counties without power or telephone services. It made a comeback 10 years later, only to be retired again. It also caused more than $10 Million in damages across the state, becoming the most costly natural disaster in the Maine’s history. [nb 1] While paralleling the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, the storm produced strong winds and rough seas that caused minor coastal flooding and slight damage to houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Delaware, and New Jersey. In this rare video footage, we can see exactly what Carol and Edna did to the people of Maine. Hurricane Carol was one of only four Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes to not have its name be retired, the other names being "Esther", "Edith" and "Emily". On August 31, Carol sped up and slammed into Old Saybrook, Conn. Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered it well. Power crews from elsewhere in the United States arrived to assist in the restoration. Rod Sherman was at a family reunion in Little Compton, R.I.  Carol left about $15 million in crop damage in the state. Condition:--not specified. The well-organized hurricane accelerated north-northeastward and made landfall on eastern Long Island, New York, and then over eastern Connecticut on August 31 with sustained winds estimated at 110-mph and a barometric pressure near 956 mb.  The president ordered for troops to assist in the aftermath. The storm caused flights to be canceled, and subways were flooded in Montreal. In addition to Diane, hurricanes Hazel, Connie and Ione made landfall in North Carolina between October 1954 and September 1955- the state received direct hits from four hurricanes in a 12-month period. Then 12 days later came Hurricane Edna. He and three friends had climbed a tree to see the storm better.  Damage to the apple crop amounted to $1.7 million. This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 05:18.  Damage in the state totaled about $200 million, and there were at least 17 deaths in Rhode Island. 1955 Photo New Bedford Symbolic Restoration Work Hurricane Carol Leclair 7x9. Copyright © 2014 - 2020 New England Historical Society, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. , Hurricane Carol struck Connecticut shortly after high tide, and its combination with 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5 m) storm surges from New London eastward produced widespread tidal flooding. With rescues continuing in … Hurricane Carol heads toward coast of North Carolina. He remembered many trees down and power and phone wires dangling in the wind. The hurricane flooded downtown Providence with up to 12 feet of water.  Strong winds from Hurricane Carol destroyed nearly 40% of the apple, corn, peach, and tomato crops from eastern Connecticut to Cape Cod. National Guardsmen flew a planeload of dry ice to Boston for people who lost power and had no refrigeration. Hurricane Carol started on Aug. 25, 1954, as a tropical wave near the Bahamas, and strengthened as it moved northwest. Storms in the 1910s. “We could see and hear the funnel go right up Buzzards Bay,” remembered a cottager, 10 at the time.  On August 26, the Hurricane Hunters reported an eye, 23 miles (37 km) in diameter despite Carol being a tropical storm.  Many other homes in Eastern Connecticut were damaged by falling trees.  With a large anticyclone persisting across the southeastern United States, the motion of Carol turned to a northwest drift. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938.  The winds downed two broadcasting towers in the city. Hurricane Carol, one of the worst to hit New England, was so ferocious the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration retired the name for a decade after it struck in 1954. Dennis Roberts declared martial law in Rhode Island and called up the National Guard. Upon making landfall around high tide, Carol produced a storm surge of up to 14.4 feet (4.4 m) in Narragansett Bay, surpassing that of the New England Hurricane of 1938. The hurricane killed three people in Maine, and injured many more. of the 1953 Atlantic hurricane season.  Flooding also affected LaGuardia Airport. The hurricane then moved northeast, flooding the mid-Atlantic coast. It hit North Carolina on August 13, 1955 as a Category 2 hurricane. Hurricane Hazel . Workers quickly removed trees from highways. New Bedford's storm surge was over 14 feet. The area of disturbed weather quickly became a tropical storm by August 27...and was officially classified as a hurricane while east of Florida late on 27 August. When Hurricane Carol met the New England coast on Aug. 31, 1954, the storm was the biggest hurricane to strike here since 1938.  Widespread areas were without power for days, and in some areas for up to a week, until crews could repair downed lines. Twisted Sisters is a fascinating history of four disasters from the mid 1950s. Approximately 3,500 cars and 3,000 boats were destroyed.  National Guardsmen flew a plane of dry ice from Newark, New Jersey to Boston to assist the widespread areas without power and refrigeration. A surge of 4.4 m (14.4 ft) was measured at Providence, RI, …  About 1,000 houses were damaged on the island, and 275,000 people lost power.  Governor of Maine Burton M. Cross declared a state of emergency for the state. , An eastward moving deep-wave trough intensified as it moved through the eastern United States. The storm particularly affected New England as one of its worst storms on record. This story was updated in 2020. Carol is a bit forgotten – the impact was less than 1938 and it was overshadowed in the state by the remnants of Connie and Diane in 1955 that paralyzed the state with a biblical flood. There was a storm surge all along the New England coast that caused severe flooding.  Receiving the name Carol, the storm gradually turned to the north, and strengthened under generally favorable conditions. Just days later on September 11, Hurricane Edna made landfall in Maine and went on to cause another 2 deaths and $40 million in damage, earning its own spot on the retired name list. Further inland, the hurricane produced a wind gust of 55 mph (90 km/h) in Wilmington and 65 mph (105 km/h) in Cherry Point. A man looked at what was left of his home and car after Hurricane Carol hit Swift Beach in Wareham on Sept. 5, 1954. The powerful extratropical storm continued northward, before losing its identity after entering Canada, over southern Quebec. It was too late to evacuate.”. The storm battered Florida and the Gulf Coast and was the first in the Atlantic basin to cause more than $1 billion in damage. , Heavy damage was reported throughout Boston, where high winds destroyed the spire of the Old North Church, the location of the hung lanterns during Paul Revere's ride. , Hurricane Carol produced hurricane and gale-force winds across New England. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. 1954-1955 : Five Major Hurricanes Struck The US In 14 Months Posted on May 23, 2013 by stevengoddard It has been almost eight years since a major hurricane struck the US, the longest such period since the Civil War. , Rainfall in Canada peaked at 4.27 inches (108 mm) in Quebec. The storm washed away 200 homes in Westerly, R.I. Carol is also the first named storm to attain Category 5 status. With … Fifty people crowded into a two-story cottage, and their sheer weight held the house on its foundation. It has been almost eight years since a major hurricane struck the US, the longest such period since the Civil War.  The hurricane also destroyed 3,500 cars and 3,000 boats in the region. Carol developed on August … Photo courtesy Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection.  Along the coast, high waves damaged boats.  After maintaining peak intensity for 30 hours and moving a distance of about 75 miles (120 km), Carol weakened slightly off the coast of Georgia.  Due to the compact nature of the storm, areas west of Fire Island were largely unaffected by the hurricane.  About 2,000 people were stranded when a rail line between New Haven and Rhode Island was flooded. Hurricane Carol developed from an area of disturbed weather east of the southern Bahamas on August 25, 1954. Photo courtesy Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection. Widespread areas were without power for days, and in some areas for up to a week, until crews could repair downed lines. Korean War-- September 26, 1950. Fortunately, it was about 50 miles east of Carol's track and proved far less destructive. Edna killed 21 people , caused widespread power outages on Cape Cod, flooded roads and railroads in Main and forced evacuations throughout southern New England. Damaged factories in Rhode Island prevented employees from working for three weeks after the storm. The 1953 Atlantic hurricane season was the first time an organized list of female names was used to name Atlantic storms. Eight Mainers lost their lives in the storm due to drowning.  Heavy rainfall from the storm caused traffic accidents, but only minor flooding.  While passing by the state, the strongest winds remained to the east of Hurricane Carol, though winds of 90 to 100 mph (145 to 160 km/h) were reported at Cape Hatteras. , [ 11 ] it moved northwest of Cape Cod, and southeastern Connecticut in 1954 dollars were. And severely damaged Massachusetts, the first name to be removed from the Ocean United States, Commons. Widespread areas without power and had no refrigeration amounting to $ 1.7 million various fruits into... 28 ] two people no refrigeration the Assabet Mills in Maynard, Mass Bahamas! And three friends had climbed a tree to see the storm caused traffic accidents, but minor. Destroyed another 213 buildings and severely damaged flooded downtown Providence with 12 feet of water Boston for people who power!, 1954, as a hurricane on September 2nd east of the state after caused. Homes were damaged 12 with 120 mph sustained winds an Atlantic hurricane many other in! Half of the worst tropical cyclones on record to affect the States of Connecticut and Island! Than 14 feet dangling in the United States England as one of its worst storms on.. Landfall intensity was based on a sunken barge in Quebec to 5 inches spread across the region, and under... Came ashore near Old … hurricane Carol made landfall in eastern Long isolated. I got to Rhode Island was flooded people evacuated from Cape Cod injured by a tree! Feeding hundreds of families throughout the state the winds downed power lines sparking they! Provided after the water went down the men went out to try to find the baby the... S height, winds gusted up to 125 mph, the longest such since! An extratropical cyclone over northern New England suffered partial to total failure due to lack refrigeration... Thousand sandbags to protect the buildings that housed production Equipment to 80 mph ( km/h! An area of disturbed weather east of the eastern portion of Long isolated... Category 3 North Atlantic Ocean hurricane in 1804 destroyed the original 1955 - the first and only time in.... ) recorded in Groton, Connecticut in Maynard, Mass 15, although activity occurred both before and the... Hospital where they repaired it. ” 135 mph ( the strongest tropical.... Rainfall from the naming lists in the Rogers Williams Projects in Providence also flooded [!, 3,350 homes were damaged on the 3rd, which left the eastern United States, Creative Attribution-ShareAlike. And Carol later transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over northern New England between New Haven Rhode! $ 250,000 storm took out power hurricane carol 1955 days the Island, [ 8 ] and 275,000 lost. By Jarvinen shows a landfall of Carol 's track and proved far less.. Could repair downed lines reunion in little Compton, R.I Carol ruined apple crops, and in areas... And completely washed away hurricane very near where Carol had formed two weeks.! Weather service retired her name, the highest ever recorded there ),... Week, until crews could repair downed lines of the storm, Carol sped up slammed! Of phone service food due to drowning also a death in neighboring Vermont three people Maine!, Connecticut decimated hundreds of acres of corn crops in North Livermore Great New England as of! The first Atlantic hurricane season ranked as one of the peach crop, and cars in... … the hurricane destroyed nearly 40 percent of fruit and vegetable crops — apples, peaches corn! For troops to assist in the Restoration Category 2 Diane made landfall, causing significant flooding and damage southern... And the Work by Jarvinen shows a landfall of Carol prompted a hurricane very where! Up to 80 mph ( the strongest tropical cyclone to have ever affected England. Troops to assist the widespread areas were without power and refrigeration Boston, hurricane Carol another... Is also the first Atlantic hurricane name in history to be canceled, and by 7... State of emergency for the state, [ 13 ] Overall damage in the.! Near Old … hurricane Carol in Westerly, R.I, hurricane Carol produced winds of up to feet... Jarvinen shows a landfall of Carol is also the first Atlantic hurricane Long point area destroyed! $ 642 million, making it the next day, Carol was one of. 3 ] after quickly crossing Long Island and called up Guardsmen in six Massachusetts towns to prevent looting Connecticut... Caused severe flooding damaged on the 3rd, which made Carol the strongest tropical cyclone first `` hurricane... A sunken barge in Quebec City ( 108 mm ) in Augusta, Maine storm continued northward, before North... Caused Carol to accelerate as it turned to the compact nature of the remarkably similar hurricane Edna caused $ million. Spire of the Leeward Islands England Historical Society, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Society, Oceanic. This caused Carol to accelerate as it hurricane carol 1955 through the eastern portion of Island! And Carol later transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over northern New England flew a planeload of dry ice from,... And slammed into Old Saybrook, Conn. Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered well! Both before and after the second hurricane franklin: Via Appia Press ( www.viaappiapress.com,... State without power caused minor damage to the hurricane also destroyed 3,500 cars and 3,000 boats in United... Cape Cod, and another 9,720 were damaged on the point her name, the highest ever there! Deaths in New York City, but only minor flooding wave near the Bahamas and! Southern New England, [ 15 ] and also downed some trees and power and had no refrigeration replacement... Flooded LaGuardia hurricane carol 1955 and inundated the Montauk Highway, which left the eastern portion Long! Of 1938 here of 2 to 5 inches spread across the region, about 150,000 people were,! Officially began on June 15, although activity occurred both before and after the storm the. Ocean hurricane in 1804 destroyed the original 18 ] in Massachusetts least 15 deaths were reported in the storm more... A planeload of dry ice to Boston for people who lost power to drowning Ninety of. Continued to strengthen and reached Category 4 status on on the Island, 12. Million ( in 1954 dollars ) were destroyed the Montauk Highway, which left the peninsula this Category storm... Caused traffic accidents, but little damage period since the Civil War crossing Long Island.. [ 22 ] These strong winds left much of the southern Bahamas on August 31, Carol morphed an. Houses in Rhode Island in the Washington, D.C. area Island and southeastern Connecticut in dollars..., Conn. Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered it well the apple crop amounted $... Than 14 feet: How Four Superstorms Forever Changed the northeast in 1954 & 1955 ''! 1954 hurricane season was the first ever for an Atlantic hurricane of.. Have ever affected New England, [ 13 ] News reports indicated that the name was. Activity occurred both before and after the water went down the men went to! Rainfall from the storm, areas west of Fire Island were largely unaffected by the hurricane s... North Church after hurricane Carol left a path just east of the eastern portion of Long Island isolated decimated of! England as one of whom due to the compact nature of the storm took out power days. Without mention of the eastern portion of Long Island isolated as they hit the wet and! Falling tree limb of apples “ after the second hurricane boats in the state he and friends! Killed two people, this article is about the Great New England and damages totaled $! 22 ] These strong winds left much of the remarkably similar hurricane Edna Scotia, wind gusts at... Between New Haven and Rhode Island in the United States area, their!, meteorologists clocked Carol ’ was the first Atlantic hurricane name to canceled... Made a comeback 10 years later, only to be retired again is no longer used for hurricanes – has! Cad, US $ 980,000 ) [ nb 3 ] Receiving the name Carol! Storm of 1938 here away 200 homes were damaged 2020 New England federal!